The biggest speleological asset of South America, namely, the biggest concentration of caves is in Iraquara’s territory. The grottos Pratinha, Lapa Doce, Torrinha, de Mané Ioiô and da Fumaça are the main attractions of the city, which has a subsoil with a high grade of limestone. In the Tupi (indigenous people) language Iraquara means “honey jug, honey well or honey creek”.
The richness of the folklore, represented by the festivities of Epiphany, completes its cultural asset, together with the festivals that take place throughout the year, specially the early Saint John’s Festival, the festival for the patron saint Our Lady Livramento, Saint Anthony’s, Saint Joseph’s, Saint Jude’s, Saint Peter’s, Our Lady Santana’s and carnival.
Part of Iraquara’s territory is protected by the Marimbus-Iraquara EPA with 125,4 thousand hectares in a region that borders Chapada Diamantina National Park. It’s characterized by the big number of calcareous caves and by the lacustrine formation known as Marimbus. Lapa do Sol, Lapa do Caboclo and Santa Marta Shelter are archeological sites that stand out for the occurrence of rupestrial inscriptions, proving the human presence in the Brazilian pre-history.
The grotto route is the most sought after. Diving, for experts, is a must in the interior of the cave that connects Pratinha to Gruta Azul through a sub-aquatic channel of 330m. The rare formations date back to 700/900 million to 1/1,7 billion years ago.