History

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Bahia’s history is deeply blended with Brazil’s history. In Porto Seguro, at the far south of Bahia, in 1500, Brazil was discovered, with the arrival of the Portuguese and the celebration of the first mass, at Coroa Vermelha, by the friar Henrique Soares de Coimbra. In these five centuries of several historical facts, Bahia was the stage of invasions such as the Dutch invasion, independence wars, and of conflicts and rebellions, such as Sabinada and Malês’ .

In the 16th century, Bahia was powered by the Pau-Brasil (native wood) and sugar can economy, followed by the gold and diamond cycle. The golden times of the sugar cane cycle allowed the colonial nobles to emerge, causing an increase in the number of inhabitants and financial figures, especially in the capital city, what can be proved by the construction of the main churches of the city, like São Francisco Church, the golden church, the venerable third order of São Francisco, with a facade in Spanish baroque, and the basilica cathedral, where the thumb of Bahia’s third governor Men de Sá is. 

 

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    Discovery of Brazil

      Brazil’s Discovery was the result of the European colonialist expansion. In 1500, in March, a Portuguese squadron led by Pedro Álvares...

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    Dutch invasion

     After being free from the Spanish authority, Netherlands needed colonies or products from tropical colonies to survive. Bahia was chosen for the first big...

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    Hereditary Captaincies

    Bahia was discovered in the period when the commerce with the Indic ports was quite compensating for Portugal. Therefore, the Portuguese kingdom had no reasons...

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    Independence

    Ongoing dissatisfaction with the government which Brazil had maintained throughout the course of its history finally reached a peak in 1817.  Even with the...

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    Opening of Commercial Ports

    Pressed by France and England that were fighting between each other and disputing the support of Portugal, the regent Prince Dom João transferred the headquarters...

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    People that made our history

    Get to know more about the people that made Bahia’s history, such as Antônio Conselheiro, Castro Alves,  Coronel Horácio de Matos, Cuíca...

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    Population

    The vast territory of Bahia was slowly peopled with the contribution of three human groups: the Indians (native Brazilian), the Afro-descendents and the Euro-descendents....

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    The Empire

    After Independence, a new administrative division in Brazil classified Bahia as a province of the Empire. As a consequence, the area was thus governed by an elected...

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